On this occasion we will begin a new series aimed at shedding some light on the different grape varieties that can be found in different regions, starting with the Spanish ones. That said, in this article we will focus on the varieties authorized in Rioja and Rioja Alavesa.
First of all, we will begin by talking about the red varieties. As we know, the vast majority of the vines in our region belong to the Tempranillo variety (87.7% of the total red grape cultivation in the D.O.). This variety is characterized by its capacity to produce wines with a long aging, intense color, certain acidity and balanced alcohol content.
Along with Tempranillo, we can find other red varieties such as garnacha, which stands out for its freshness and versatility, Graciano, known for its characteristic aromas, color, acidity and intensity in the mouth, or Mazuelo, characterized by its abundant tannins, high acidity and stable color.
On the other hand, as far as white grapes are concerned, it must be said that, although our region is known especially for its reds, there is a wide range of white varieties. Among these we will highlight the Viura, (which makes up almost 70% of the white grape vineyards). Some of its main characteristics are the ability to provide fruity wines, with floral aromas and a certain degree of acidity.
Finally, it is worth mentioning that there are other grape varieties in this region which have not been mentioned due to their small representation in terms of volume, such as white or red Maturana, white Garnacha or Turruntés. That said, this is the end of this article focused on the different grape varieties that can be found in Rioja and Rioja Alavesa. In the next article we will talk about the fertilization of the vineyards.