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Historia del vino - el imperio romano

A few weeks ago we published the third part of this series of articles related to the history of wine. Today we will learn a little more about its influence in the Roman Empire.

It is believed that wine entered the Italian peninsula in the year 200 B.C. And soon after, its popularity began to emerge. One of the most important contributions that the Romans made to vineyard technology was the technique of grafting grapes onto the vine stock. In addition, a large number of varieties from all over the world were already known at that time.

The Romans began to spread the word about wine throughout their empire, and thus planted vineyards in all their occupied territories, including Normandy, Flanders, the Baltic countries and northern Germany. In this way, wine gradually replaced all other fermented alcoholic beverages, thus gaining popularity throughout the empire.

In addition to this, the Romans were also the ones who began to use wooden vats as an element to transport and store wine. The first evidence of their use dates back to 51 B.C. At that time, the Romans used their slaves to harvest the grapes. The first must extracted was reserved and mixed with honey to make the muslum brew, which would be served mainly at the beginning of banquets. The rest of the must was left to ferment in large earthenware jars known as dolías. These jars were then buried up to their necks to facilitate temperature control.

The wine was treated by the vintner, who gave it the desired aromas. The Romans preferred white wine, for this reason, the red wines were always treated to clarify them and obtain a color more similar to amber. Subsequently, the amphorae were left to age in the highest rooms of the houses, generally near the exit of the chimneys, which gave the wine a smoky aroma that was much liked.

In addition, it should be noted that it was around the beginning of the first century A.D. when the most primitive glass bottles began to be used to store wine. At the same time, plaster or plaster was used to cover the mouth of the bottle, and, later, cork.

Finally, as in the case of Greece, the Romans also imported wine from different regions, such as Hispania, Greece or Egypt and, due to their alcoholic content, it was common to water them down.

That said, here ends this article that tells us a little more about the history of wine, more specifically about its popularity in the Roman Empire. Next week we will talk about pruning. If you enjoyed this article, we invite you to stop by our YouTube channel, where every Saturday we upload a video dealing with the same topic as here in greater depth. The video related to this article will be released this Saturday.

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