Nowadays (and for several centuries now), wine has become part of our daily life for many of us. However, it must be said that the vine is not a plant native to the Mediterranean countries, as many believe, and that is why in this series of articles entitled “Learn about the history of wine” we will try to shed some light on issues such as, for example, the origin of the vine and wine and the evolution of its production over the centuries, among others.
That said, today’s article focuses mainly on the earliest references to wine today and how it has spread to the rest of the world.
To talk about it, we must go back centuries, but without being able to establish a specific date. To date, it is not known exactly how and when wine was created, but there are several theories that try to give an approximate figure for its appearance. One of these theories, the most popular one, indicates that because the vine requires between 3 to 5 years to produce grapes, the creation of the first wine could not appear until human beings stopped being nomadic, approximately 10,000 years ago, in the Neolithic era. In addition to this, humans also began around the same time with the creation of vessels (6,500 B.C., date of the first known vessel).
In this way, this theory defends that at a given moment, someone would leave freshly extracted grape juice inside a closed vessel for several weeks, and in this way, would create that concoction that generated so much satisfaction. The oldest wine ever found dates back to 5,400 B.C., at Zagros Mountains found in a vessel with a reddish residue which experts assume to be wine.
Despite this, what appears to be the oldest wine cellar in the world, dating back to 6,000 B.C., was recently found in what is now Armenia.
Subsequently, and due to the success and popularity of this beverage, the expansion of wine began during the Bronze Age, reaching China and even certain regions of North America millennia later. Moreover, as we already know, the vine also reached the West, more specifically Greece, Anatolia and Egypt before 2,000 BC.
That said, here ends this introductory article to the history of wine, next week we will talk about how to organize an unforgettable weekend in Rioja Alavesa. If you enjoyed this article, we invite you to stop by our YouTube channel, where every Saturday we upload a video dealing with the same topic as here in greater depth. The video related to this article will be released on Saturday, August 14.