In the last part of this series of articles explaining the history of wine, we had the opportunity to learn a little more about the expansion of this beverage in the New World. In today’s article we will focus on explaining how it was accepted in the next stage: the modern era.
The most remarkable of this era was the elaboration of the Ordinances of Ribadavia, considered the first of the documents of a Denomination of Origin in the Iberian Peninsula. Such was the popularity of these wines that many authors wrote about them, at the same time that many of the neighboring countries enjoyed these wines.
It will be at this time when the wines begin to evolve and begin to resemble the wines of today, obtaining a certain stability and characteristics similar to those of today.
At the same time, in the 18th century, the figure of the vineyard guard was established in Spain, who was responsible for the surveillance of the vineyards, ensuring that cattle did not graze in them.
At the same time, the use of glass and stoppers for wine bottles began to be standardized. In fact, it was only a little later that cork began to be used as a stopper. At that time the bottles were between 700 ml and 800 ml of wine, because, in this way, one person could easily carry one or two bottles. However, as we already know, their shape was not the current one. They had a more spherical shape, and it was not until the beginning of the 18th century that they began to be marketed with a more elongated shape, like the current ones.
Despite this, not everything was utopian in the world of wine in modern times. From the mid-19th century onwards, a series of catastrophes beset the wine world. This combination of plagues, economic crises, dry laws and world wars endangered wine production worldwide. But among all these catastrophes, the most remembered is that of the aphid fly, which devastated part of the world’s vineyards for almost a decade.
After World War I, several wine-producing countries came together to create the International Wine Office (IWO), an organization created to harmonize wine production and practices, promote research and standardize certain aspects of the wine world.
Finally, at the end of the twentieth century, machinery capable of facilitating the harvest will be incorporated, doing the work autonomously, as well as the automation of the bottling process and other processes that will stabilize and improve the wines and their final quality. That said, here ends this article focused on the history of wine in modern times, next week we will talk about the pruning of the olive tree.