HISTORY OF WINE: THE MIDDLE AGES

HISTORY OF WINE: THE MIDDLE AGES

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Historia vino edad media

A few weeks ago we published the fourth part of this series of articles related to the history of wine. Today we will talk about the history of wine in the Middle Ages.

In the case of the Middle Ages, due to the consecration of the mass, the religious orders made it possible that even after the fall of the Roman Empire, not only the cultivation of vines was maintained, but also extended even further in certain areas of Europe. It was in the Middle Ages that wine began to be stored for the first time in wooden barrels. However, thanks to the novels, we know that at that time the storage of wine had not yet reached perfection and that is why it was usually converted into vinegar the following spring. Nevertheless, various techniques were used to prolong the life of the wine, such as pitch coatings, the use of resins or the use of flavorings to mask the vinegary taste.

In the Middle Ages wine continued to be consumed mixed with water. But there was something that did change, and it was at this time that wine began to be stored in cellars along with other provisions, thus finding the right place to rest, creating the first cellars.

At this time, wine, besides being a very well known beverage, was also very important in the kitchen, and today a wide range of cookbooks have been found in which wine represents a fundamental ingredient. One of the regions that stood out for its wines at that time was La Castellae Auriense, located in Galicia. That is why many monarchs and monasteries settled in that area; to have wine for self-supply.

In addition, we know that during the period of al-Andalus in the peninsula most of the vineyards were destroyed because Islam did not allow the drinking of wine. Nevertheless, during the reconquest, new vines were replanted as the Christian kingdoms took control of the territory. In this way, vineyards also began to be planted around the Camino de Santiago, which later led to the creation of today’s wine-growing areas.

Finally, and parallel to this, in the 12th century vines began to be cultivated in the area of Catalonia and Jerez, and Galician wines began to be exported on a large scale to England from the end of the 14th century.

That said, here ends this introductory article on the history of wine in the Middle Ages, next week we will talk about the late harvest. If you enjoyed this article, we invite you to stop by our YouTube channel, where every Saturday we upload a video dealing with the same topic as here in greater depth. The video related to this article will be released this Saturday.

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