A few weeks ago we published the first part of this series of articles related to the history of wine. Today we will talk about the importance and history of wine in Ancient Egypt.
To talk about it, we go back about 5,000 years ago, to around 3,000 BC. As we know from the previous article in the series, millennia ago, wine had already been created previously, but with a few exceptions, it did not seem to have been sought to be produced, i.e. it seemed on most occasions to have been created by accident. In this case, on the other hand, we are talking about a wine produced consciously.
The first archaeological evidence of the crushing of grapes with the intention of extracting wine can be found in Ancient Egypt. It is estimated that at the beginning certain semi-wild varieties of grapes were used to produce red wines. Despite this, it is believed that there may have been some mutation in some of the strains, as there is evidence of the existence of white wine at that time.
In addition to this, it is known that they fermented the must in large earthenware vessels, which at the time of filling were sealed in order to cover them and allow fermentation to take place. In fact, another proof of the existence of wine at that time was the brew used in religious ceremonies, known as “shedeh”, which came from grape must and/or pomegranate.
Apart from this, wine was considered (already at that time) a drink that denoted a certain class, since it was considered a luxury reserved for priests and nobles. In addition, it was also used in ceremonies, such as funerals of the pharaohs, for example, in which they carved symbols that determined the harvest, the year, the name of the harvester and the quality of the must. Amphorae with wine have been found in the tombs of such iconic pharaohs as Semerjet or Tutankhamun. In addition, the first evidence of the use of yeast in wine has also been detected.
That said, here ends this article dealing with the history of wine in Ancient Egypt, next week we will talk about the traditional grape harvesting system. If you enjoyed this article, we invite you to stop by our YouTube channel, where every Saturday we upload a video dealing with the same topic as here in greater depth. The video related to this article will be released this Saturday.