In the last part of this series of articles explaining the history of wine we had the opportunity to learn a little more about the expansion of this beverage in the Middle Ages. In today’s article we will focus on explaining how was its expansion in the New World, understanding this as Australia, America and South Africa.
Firstly, as we know, Christopher Columbus arrived in America (known as the New World) in 1492, which meant the opening of new possibilities for the cultivation of vines. Subsequently, it was Hernán Cortés who ordered the planting of vines in the colonized lands. In this way, over the centuries, the different wine-growing areas of the continent were established.
In turn, in Australia, discovered in 1606 and known at that time as “New Holland”, due to its climate and the suitability of the land, it was decided that it met the appropriate conditions for the cultivation of vines. At first the vine did not have great acceptance there, since a large part of the population were inmates who had been sent there, so their palates were not accustomed to the taste of wine and preferred other stronger beverages such as rum. In spite of this, the vine gradually became established in different regions and was gradually accepted.
Finally, as far as the expansion of the vine in South Africa is concerned, it is worth mentioning that the Dutch Empire began planting vines for subsequent commercialization in the mid-17th century. In this way, vines were planted in different regions of the area, creating what are known today as the great wine-growing areas of South Africa. Finally, in 1925, the Ponor Noir and Cisaunt varieties were crossed, giving birth to the well-known Pinotage, South Africa’s most distinctive grape variety.
Dicho esto, aquí termina este artículo centrado en la historia del vino en la época moderna, la semana que viene hablaremos sobre otras curiosidades sobre este mundo.